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Emoji data

PicMo uses data provided by the Emojibase project. To keep the bundle size down, the emoji data is not bundled with the main library.

The data can be sourced in two ways:

Downloaded from CDN

If no static emoji data is provided to the picker, it will use a CDN to download the data. This is the default behavior.

Keeping up to date

When the picker is initialized, a HEAD request is made to the CDN to check if the data has changed (by comparing the ETags with ones previously stored in the database). If there is new data available, the picker will download the new data and replace the old data with it.

Provided static data

If you do not want to connect to an external CDN to download the data, you can provide the data in your bundle. To do this you will need to install the emojibase-data package.

Simply import the data for the desired locale into your project. The picker needs the emoji data itself as well as the category names.

import emojiData from 'emojibase-data/<locale>/data.json';
import messages from 'emojibase-data/<locale>/messages.json';

const picker = createPicker({

Emoji database

By default, PicMo uses a local IndexedDB database to store the emoji data. This is the preferred method, and is the default if no data store factory is specified.

Once the data is available, whether provided in the bundle or downloaded from the CDN, it is used to populate the database of the emoji data.

The database is automatically created when the picker is first initialized if it one does not already exist. However, you can also pre-create the database ahead of time by calling createDatabase.

All picker instances share the same database.

IndexedDB data store

By default, PicMo uses a local IndexedDB database to store the emoji data. This is the preferred method, and is the default if no data store factory is specified. Databases are locale-specific - a new database is created per locale used by the picker.

The IndexedDB store is the default, but it can also be manually specified by setting the dataStore picker option to IndexedDBStoreFactory.

In-memory data store

If you are deploying PicMo in a high security environment where IndexedDB is not available, you can use a simple in-memory data store implementation. This will have a performance cost as all emojis and categories will be kept in memory. The in-memory store is also not persisted across sessions.

If using the in-memory data store, it's recommended that you install the emojibase-data package to provide the emoji data. Using the CDN method will result in the data being downloaded on every page load.

To use the in-memory store, set the dataStore picker option to InMemoryStoreFactory.

Checking for updates

When data is initially downloaded from a CDN, the ETag values for each bundle is stored in the database. For every subsequent picker initialization, a HEAD request is made and the ETags are compared to determine if new data needs to be downloaded.

For locally provided data, the ETag values are not available, so PicMo will compute a hash of the current emoji data to check if the emoji data has changed, at which time it will repopulate the database.

Error recovery

If there are any errors encountered while initializing or accessing the database, an error message is shown with a retry button. Clicking the retry button will delete the (possibly corrupt) database and re-initialize it with fresh data.

Recent emoji data

The picker remembers recently used emojis. This data is stored in the browser's localStorage instead of the database.